Intervista ad Andreas Faludi - Professore di Pianificazione per lo Spazio Europeo

di Massimo Di Rienzo e Cecilia Vedana - Formez Il Formez ha partecipato alla Conferenza sulla Coesione Territoriale e il Futuro della Politica di Coesione di Parigi organizzata dalla Presidenza francese dell’UE, in partenariato con il Comitato delle Regioni, la Commissione europea e l’Associazione delle Regioni Francesi. In questa occasione abbiamo rivolto alcune domande ad Andreas Faludi, Professore di Pianificazione per lo Spazio Europeo presso l'OTB - Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies Delft University of Technology.

1. Why is the transnational dimension for the cohesion policy so important?  Can the territorial cooperation be effectively a policy response to problems requires?EU cohesion policy must be seen against the backdrop of the Single Market,  of a "Europe without borders". Its rationale is to improve cohesion across  the whole territory of the EU which would otherwise be threatened by the  competitive advantage enjoyed by the core of Europe. This is why the transnational dimension is not only important for, but rather constitutive of cohesion policy.In the Convergence objective, this transnational dimension comes to the fore  by transfering funds based on the notion of solidarity across Europe.In the Competitiveness and Employment objective, this is less evident, but  the idea is that improving competitiveness in areas that are not the beneficiaries of funding under the Convergence criterion has a trickly-down effect which is beneficial for all territories in Europe.As against these two objectives, the Territorial Cooperation objective of cohesion policy addresses the transnational dimension directly, i.e. - as the name suggests - by promoting cross-border, transnational and interregional cooperation. In so doing, it makes those concerned realise that there is a reality beyond national boundaries, that Europe is becoming a new arena for living and working.2. How can the transnational networks support s the development of the  european cohesion policy?Under the Territorial Cooperation objective, transnational networks are constitutive of cohesion policy, i.e. each and every project under this objective involves networking and should result in exchanges of experiences, learning about best practices, but also in the optimisation of networks and resources to accommodate a new reality of living and working in new, cross-border and transnational territories.3. How can Local Development Systems improve territorial cohesion?Within their own sphere, Local Development Systems are spontanious, bottom-up manifestations of the interrelatedness of the world we live in and of the fact that soft methods of coordination are often superior to hard, top-down methods. Albeit indirectly, the may contribute to territorial cohesion by facilitating joined-up thinking which is one of the essential ingredients territorial cohesion policy.4. How can territorial cohesion improve governance and develop cooperation between the different levels of government?Pursuing the objective of territorial cohesion challenges existing institutions of government to look beyond their conventional areas of jurisdiction and to take account of linkages, both horizontally (with neighbouring jurisdictions) as well as vertically. It helps creating awareness of the interconnectedness of the world that we live in, an awareness that cannot fail to have positive effects on governance.In allegato la traduzione dell'intervista a cura di Barbara Forcina - Formez

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